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基于BDS/GPS数据的中国及周边地区电离层暴层析成像研究

尹萍 宁泽浩 闫晓鹏

尹萍,宁泽浩,闫晓鹏. 基于BDS/GPS数据的中国及周边地区电离层暴层析成像研究[J]. 电波科学学报,xxxx,x(x): x-xx. DOI: 10.12265/j.cjors.2021165
引用本文: 尹萍,宁泽浩,闫晓鹏. 基于BDS/GPS数据的中国及周边地区电离层暴层析成像研究[J]. 电波科学学报,xxxx,x(x): x-xx. DOI: 10.12265/j.cjors.2021165
YIN P, NING Z H, YAN X P. Imaging of ionospheric storms over China and adjacent area with BDS/GPS data[J]. Chinese journal of radio science,xxxx,x(x): x-xx. (in Chinese). DOI: 10.12265/j.cjors.2021165
Citation: YIN P, NING Z H, YAN X P. Imaging of ionospheric storms over China and adjacent area with BDS/GPS data[J]. Chinese journal of radio science,xxxx,x(x): x-xx. (in Chinese). DOI: 10.12265/j.cjors.2021165

基于BDS/GPS数据的中国及周边地区电离层暴层析成像研究

doi: 10.12265/j.cjors.2021165
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划重大科学仪器设备开发专项(2018YFF01013702)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    尹萍:(1970—),女,天津人,副研究员,博士,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为卫星导航(GNSS)技术、电离层/大气层遥感遥测、层析成像与探测

    宁泽浩:(1997—),男,天津人,硕士研究生,研究方向为卫星导航(GNSS)技术、电离层/大气层遥感遥测、层析成像与探测

    闫晓鹏:(1995—),男,辽宁人,硕士研究生,研究方向为卫星导航(GNSS)技术、电离层/大气层遥感遥测、层析成像与探测

    通讯作者:

    尹萍 E-mail: pyin2001@hotmail.com

  • 中图分类号: P352.7

Imaging of ionospheric storms over China and adjacent area with BDS/GPS data

  • 摘要: 随着我国BDS导航卫星系统的逐步建成,其在电离层监测上的应用也在逐步拓展. 凭借卫星类型多样性的特点,BDS卫星数据在电离层监测上可能比GPS卫星带来更多的优势,但能否改进电离层层析成像结果仍值得进一步研究. 文中基于GPS数据电离层层析算法,把BDS系统中的地球同步轨道(geosynchronous orbit, GEO)卫星、倾斜地球同步轨道(inclined geosynchronous orbit, IGSO)卫星和中轨轨道(medium earth orbit, MEO)卫星数据与GPS数据融合,对2017-09-07—09电离层暴期间中国及周边地区(15°N~55°N, 70°E~140°E)上空电离层进行重构. 首先借助SA418和WU430测高仪数据分别讨论了单星座(GPS)与双星座(GPS+BDS)层析对电子密度反演的精度结果;其次对2017-09-08两个扰动最强烈时段的电离层成像结果,包括电子密度剖面图与总电子含量(total electron content, TEC)分布图进行深入研究. 研究结果表明:BDS卫星数据不仅可以改进垂向精度,还可以提高对电离层异常结构的反演精度,融合了BDS数据的电离层层析技术能较为准确地重构出本次电离层暴期间出现在中低纬度的等离子体泡.
  • 图  1  2017-09-07—09地球物理数据变化

    Fig.  1  Variations in geophysical data during Sep. 7−9, 2017

    图  2  2017-09-08T01:00—02:00 UT中国及周边地区GPS/BDS站点分布及在350 km上空处的IPP覆盖

    Fig.  2  Distribution of GPS/BDS ground stations and IPP tracks at 350 km over the China and adjacent area during 2017−09−08T01:00—02:00 UT

    图  3  2017-09-07—09双星座、单星座层析和两站测高仪的NmF2对比

    Fig.  3  Comparisons of NmF2 between double-constellation(GPS+BDS)inversions, single-constellation inversions and ionosonde measurements at SA418 station or WU430 station on Sep. 7−9, 2017

    图  4  2017-09-08双星座、单星座层析和两站测高仪的hmF2对比

    Fig.  4  Comparisons of hmF2 between double-constellation (GPS+BDS) inversions, single-constellation(GPS)inversions and ionosonde measurements at SA418 station or WU430 station on Sep.8, 2017

    图  5  2017-09-07—08不同时间时刻114º 经度链上电子密度随纬度与高度变化的GPS+BDS层析结果

    Fig.  5  The changes of electron density with latitude and height at 114º longitude chain at 02:00UT and 15:00UT on Sep. 7−8, 2017 .

    图  6  中国及周边地区2017-09-08T14:00UT的TEC分布图像

    Fig.  6  Two-dimensional TEC maps over the China and adjacent area at 14:00 UT on Sep.8, 2017

    表  1  2017-09-07—09 GPS, GPS+BDS层析结果和测高仪的NmF2误差比较

    Tab.  1  Comparison of NmF2 errors between GPS,GPS+BDS tomographic results and ionosonde data on Sep. 7-9, 2017 1011el·m-3

    日期站点NmF2误差GPSGPS+BDS
    2017-09-07SA418Mean2.02.0
    RMSE3.02.6
    WU430Mean0.60.5
    RMSE1.11.0
    2017-09-08SA418Mean1.91.9
    RMSE2.92.9
    WU430Mean1.21.1
    RMSE1.91.6
    2017-09-09SA418Mean2.01.9
    RMSE3.23.2
    WU430Mean0.50.5
    RMSE1.00.9
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2017-09-08 GPS, GPS+BDS层析结果和测高仪的hmF2误差比较

    Tab.  2  Comparison of hmF2 errors between GPS, GPS+BDS tomographic results and ionosonde data on Sep.8, 2017 km

    日期站点hmF2误差GPSGPS+BDS
    20170908SA418Mean6968
    RMSE9292
    WU430Mean7053
    RMSE9074
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-09
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-10-20

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